How Thick can a Plasma Cutter Cut?
Plasma cutting is a process which is used to cut through material that is electrically conductive by using an accelerated jet of heated plasma. The materials which can be cut by using a plasma torch include stainless steel, steel, aluminium, brass and copper besides other conductive metals. Plasma cutting is often adopted by automotive repair shops, fabrication shops, industrial construction, salvage and scrapping operations, and restoration units because of the high-speed and precision cuts plasma cutting can offer combined with the low costs which are involved.
If you are one among the many who are looking forward to having a plasma cutter for the use you may want to understand the thickness plasma cutters can penetrate before you decide to purchase any brand which is being offered.If you are considering investing in a CNC plasma cutting system you are advised to conduct proper research to understand not just the price but also the kind of differences in the ability of the cutting system. You must pay particular attention to the "cut thickness ability" because it will give you an indication of whether the system you are investing money in is actually suitable for your needs or not. It is essential for you to understand that the thickness of the material which needs to be cut will be determined by the cutting process. The plasma torch that you choose to pair with your system will determine the thickness of the material which can be cut.
The description provided above should give you a clear indication that you need to invest in a system which will be appropriate for your requirements by looking into the minute details of the plasma cutter you have chosen before making an investment. You also need to have adequate information about the kind of cutting you are likely to be involved in before you conclude the kind of material thickness your plasma cutter is capable of handling. It is also essential for you to understand that you need to weigh several factors before determining a cost-effective piercing strategy because the speed and precision of plasma have made it a preferred choice among many even when they are looking forward to cutting extremely thick plates.
Information has been provided earlier that plasma cutting is useful against electrically conductive materials of all types including structured and high alloy steels, nonferrous elements like aluminium and copper and even clad metal plates. The plasma cutting technology you have in your possession, the capacity of the cutting system and the type of material to be cut, sheet metal from between 0.5 MM and 180 MM can be pierced.
Plasma cutting has no competition when matters related to cutting medium or thick sheets of high alloy steel and aluminum is concerned. It can be used for cutting regular structural steel which is about 40 MM in thickness without any distortion especially in cases of fragile workpieces. It is also suitable for cutting high-strength fine-grained structural steel because the high-speed of cutting is particularly important in fabricating processes of the preliminary variety.
It must be noted that the figures mentioned are not universal for every plasma cutting system and manufacturers of these devices have incorporated cutting capacities of various types of different material which may be used. It is for this reason that you need to determine beforehand the kind of usage you expect to have before going ahead and investing money in a system.
Some plasma cutting systems allow a maximum pierce of 1.000" for mild steel and 0.750" for stainless steel. The maximum pierces for aluminium is 0.750". Similarly, some manufacturers are allowing higher capacities for the metals mentioned and therefore it cannot be assumed that a single system will be suitable for the requirements of everyone.
Plasma Cutter Techniques
The procedures of plasma cutting are regularly being improved and the primary objective of these improvements is to bring about a reduction in environmental pollution while increasing the efficiency of the system and improving the character of the cut edge. The objective of the manufacturers is to develop a couple of plane parallel surfaces which are evenly cut and require the minimum or no finishing before they are dispatched for further processing.
The type of material that needs to be cut, the thickness of the material along with the output of the power source our determinants of a number of plasma cutting variations which are available on the market. The variations which are available are mainly different because of the plasma burner design, the system for material feed and the material used for the electrodes. The types of plasma burners mentioned below will give you an overview of the various options which are possible in the designing of a plasma burner. These plasma burners are based on the type of compression they are designed for but are equally effective and can deliver the desired capacity if proper choices are made during the purchase of the system.
The plasma burners we are referring to include the following:
- Conventional plasma cutting which is also known as standard plasma cutting.
- Plasma cutting through a secondary medium.
- Plasma cutting with a secondary gas.
- Plasma cutting with secondary water.
- Water injection plasma cutting.
- Plasma cutting with enhanced compression.
People that are looking forward to investing in a plasma cutting system must understand that it is their equipment which will determine the kind of cutting capacity the plasma cutter needs to have. The process of plasma cutting involves the creation of an electrical channel of extremely heated plasma from the cutter itself to be used on the piece of work that needs to be cut. The task is accomplished by focusing compressed gas which is blown at high-speed at the work piece. There are various factors and types of systems which will determine the thickness which can be handled by the plasma cutter.
Regardless of whether thin or thick materials need to be cut plasma cutting is an effective method which can be used by people to accomplish the tasks they have in hand. Handheld plasma cutters have a capacity of cutting steel plates which are 38 MM thick while some of the better torches which are computer-controlled have the ability to cut steel which is 6 inches thick.
Plasma cutting systems have varied capacities and therefore it is essential for the individual to conduct proper research into the kind of usage they have before they decide on the kind of thickness a plasma cutter can penetrate and invest money in a system. Prices should not be a concern for people because unlike in the past when plasma cutters were expensive not only have prices dropped but the systems have also become lighter without compromising on the kind of capacities plasma cutters are known for.
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