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What Table Saw Blade is Best for Ripping?

So, a rip cut is accentual when cutting timber. If you did not already know ripping is splitting the wood parallel to the wood grain. The opposite to a rip cut is a cross cut. This naturally cuts perpendicular the wood grain. Due to the nature of cutting across the wood grain the cross cut shears the wood. However, when ripping the wood, the blades act as a chisel what splinters the wood. This is all down to the blade you use, which is why you need to get it right.

So, What are the products on offer?


At Number One...

Freud LU73M016

This is a specialist blade; it is extremely well equipped and provide the high quality making up the high price. This blade although the best blade is a professional one. It has Premium Tico Hi-Density carbide crosscutting blend. You may say that you are looking for a ripping blade but in turn maximises the performance of the blade.

Manufacture:

Freud

Modal:

LU73M016

Coating:

Silver ICE

Diameter:

16"

Teeth:

96 ATB

Arbor:

1"

Kerf (K):

0.150"

Plate (P):

0.110"

The blade is also equipped with an alternate top bevel (ATB) tooth design, and precision tensioning not withstanding computer controlled equipment keeps the blade flat. What this does is not only maximising the performance of the blade but also increasing the life expectancy of the blade. A large problem of saw blades is pitch build-up and corrosion, this is also solved by the Freud LU73M016 by having silver ice coating. All these extra elements allow the blade exceed nearly all others; this is why I chose this blade in front of all the other.


At Number Two...

Festool 495378

The Festool Panther Circular Saw Blade for TS 75 is specialized to the type rip cut. The saw blade is equipped with a tungsten-carbide ATB saw blade this enables the blade to cut alternately to the left and right, both making the blade more efficient and in all types of woods leaves you with a cleaner cut. Another element that makes this blade stand out from the others is the radical hook angle and deep gullets so the blade cuts through the wood rapidly and easily.

Manufacture:

Festool

Modal:

495378

Coating:

Carbide

Diameter:

10"

Teeth:

16 ATB

Arbor:

30mm

Kerf (K):

2.6mm

Plate (P):

N/A

The Festool 495378 shares the feature with the Freud LU773M016 with its Alternating Top Bevel (ATB) off set teeth. However, this blade only contains 16 teeth compared to the 96 teeth the Freud contains. The manufactures of this blade say it was engineered to cut efficiently and of superior finished cut. They also designed it to be long lasting, less resistance against the wood and less waste materials.


At Number Three...

Fraud LU79R010

This being the same make of my first product, it is smaller than my previous picking at 10” in diameter. However, this does not mean it is lacking in quality, it is very good quality just slightly more affording. It too has for Maximum Performance Premium TiCo HI-Density Carbide Crosscutting Blend. The blade also has High Alternate Top Bevel (HiATB)Tooth. This prevents the splintering of the wood when cutting which can have a nasty effect of the finish of the cut.

Manufacture:

Fraud

Modal:

LU79R010

Coating:

TiCo Hi-Density Carbide

Diameter:

10"

Teeth:

80 ATB

Arbor:

5/8"

Kerf (K):

0.098"

Plate (P):

0.071"

The blade is unique from all the other blades I have chosen is the Laser-Cut Anti-Vibration Slot. Many blades suffer from vibrations and movements side to side, not with this blade thanksthe specialised slot. Though not as high spec and the Freud LU73M016 the LU79R010 has a Perma-Shield Perma-Shield Non-Stick, it just the silver ice coating reduces the blade drag, and prevents the build up of pitch and corrosion.


At Number Four...

Fraud LM75R008

This is the last Freud I am going to present. It is the least costly blade though compromise in cost is directly proportional to compromise in extras. Extras is not however the same as quality. It just like the other two has Premium TiCo Hi-Density Carbide ripping blend. This blade has an especially heavy-duty plate and kerf. These guaranty the stability of the blade and also keeping the blade flat improves the life expectancy.

Manufacture:

Fraud

Modal:

LM75R008

Coating:

TiCo Hi-Density Carbide

Diameter:

8"

Teeth:

8

Arbor:

5/8"

Kerf (K):

0.098"

Plate (P):

0.071"

It too like the Laser-Cut Anti-Vibration slots substantially prevents the sideways movement and vibrations. Due to the depreciation in price the price you don’t get the Alternate Top Bevel (ATB) Teeth or the coating to prevent pitch build up and corrosion. However, the blade is good enough quality to withstand most things as long as it is well looked after. Though not for professional use would be great blade for diy and occasional projects.


At Number Five...

Mercer Industries 711008

This is my last Product, it is the cheapest of the five, has the least amount of teeth and is the smallest. It is 8” in diameter and has a thin kerf. This allows the blade to move fast, cleanly and accurately through the wood when cutting. The arbor is laser cut this reduces vibrations. This blade has anti-vibration vents reducing noise and stabilized the blade improving the cut available by making it smoother and cleaner.

Manufacture:

Fraud

Modal:

LM75R008

Coating:

TiCo Hi-Density Carbide

Diameter:

8"

Teeth:

8

Arbor:

5/8"

Kerf (K):

0.098"

Plate (P):

0.071"

This also helps the saw blade a longer life expectancy. When the all blades are being used for long periods at a time heats up. Naturally metal expands, the designers have thought of this and created slots to allow the metal to expand and relax and much as kneaded. If these slots were not in place the blade would just snap. This blade creates a smooth clean finish and leaves no burns or swirl marks.


Buying Guide…


Type of Blade

The type of blade you need will ultimately depend on the type of materials that you’ll be cutting. The blade that you ultimately buy will determine how deep the cut goes. You will need to take a look at your user manual for more information about the type of blade that you need to use. Chances are that your table saw would have come with a blade as standard, but if it hasn’t or it simply needs replacing, please make sure you only use the recommended type and size of blades.

If you use a blade that is the wrong size, or the wrong type, you could damage the blade, your table saw, and the quality of the cuts that you make may not be as good as you would have hoped.

Always use the type and size of blade that is recommended by the manufacturer, as the wrong blade could result in serious injury.


Slide Action

Some table saw blades come with a slide action that allows you to cut very wide pieces of wood. If you need to use a slide action saw, you’ll need to make sure that the blade is suitable for this. If the blade you’re using is not suitable for use in a slide action saw, you will need to purchase an additional blade that is. The size of the correct blade and its specifications will tell you whether it is suitable for use in this type of saw. If you aim to cut very wide pieces of wood, you’ll need to use a big blade that has a large width that can be used in a sliding saw. Please take a look at the saw’s packaging for more information about the width of the blade.


Materials You Want to Cut

While different types of blade cut different materials, you may be interested to know that a table saw blade is capable of cutting hard and soft woods, including cherry wood. Table saw blades can also be used for cutting a wide range of other materials too such as sheet aluminum, sheet plastic, and sheet brass. This means that the blade you use will be more versatile than you may have realized, giving you the opportunity to use it for many different projects, meaning you could get a lot more done using just one table saw blade.


Questions We Are Frequently Asked…


How long will it last?

The life of each table saw blade will differ depending on what material you’re cutting, and how well the blade has been made. You can potentially extend the life of your blade if you keep it clean, and only use it with the right materials. Although table saw blades have predominantly been manufactured for use with wood, they can be used with other materials, however, very frequent use with other materials may cause the blade to go blunt a lot quicker than it otherwise would.

You may need to have your blade resharpened from time to time, and doing so could extend its life, which means you could have the same blade for up to 10 years.

Some blades are inevitably better quality than others, meaning some will last a year or two, and others could last 10 times as long. It all depends on how much money you’re willing to spend, and how often you use your saw. Please note that the better quality blades are usually a little more expensive than those of a lesser quality.


How do you attach your blade?

Attaching a blade to a table saw is not that difficult, but the methods you use can depend on the saw’s make and model. However, once you’ve changed one saw blade, you’ll know how to change blades on most other models out there.

To begin with, you need to ensure the saw is turned off. Then remove the blade guard, once you’ve done that stand in the same position that you would usually stand when you’re operating the table saw. Now use a wrench on an arbor nut and another one on the blade locking pin. Pull the wrench to that the nut is loosened. Now insert the blade, making sure it is perfectly straight, and tighten the arbor nut.

It is important that you read your users manual to make sure that you know how to replace the blade. Some makes and models differ in their replacement guide, so please follow the instructions, taking care to follow each step, making sure all nuts and bolts are tightened, and the guard is in place.


Should you buy cheap but often or expensive and long term?

Some table saw blades can be quite expensive and their price could prevent you from buying them, simply because they may seem too pricey. Some cheaper table saw blades are thought to be just as good as some of the more expensive ones, but some simply not as good. If you plan to be using your table saw a lot, you may want to think about buying a more expensive blade, as you could have the same one for many years.

If you’re not going to be using our table saw very often, a cheaper blade may be ideal. Please make sure that you only ever use a blade that is thought to be compatible with your saw, as using the wrong type of blade could cause serious injury.

As we have already seen, some blades are inevitably better quality than others, meaning some will last a year or two, and others could last 10 times as long. It all depends on how much money you’re willing to spend, and how often you use your saw.


Should you buy the same brand as your Table Saw?

The manufacturers of your table saw are likely to state that you should only use the saw blades that they recommend. However, some cheaper saw blades could be compatible with your brand, although the quality of the cut may not be quite as good. If you need to use a blade that has a high quality cut, you may want to stick with using the same brand as your table saw. If you don’t need a high quality cut, a cheaper brand could work just as well. Please note that if an issue with your table saw arises while you're using a cheaper blade, your warranty may no longer be valid. It may, therefore, be wise to keep using the right branded table saws until your warranty expires.


In Conclusion…

By now you should have a much better idea about the type of table saw blade you need to buy. Think about what you need it for, how often you’re going to use it, and how much you are willing to pay for it. Use the above table saw blades as a guide so you’re that little bit closer to finding the right table saw blade.

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

What to consider when landscaping?


Home landscaping is no different than any other kind of landscaping. It is natural for people to want their home to look as fab as it possibly can, who does not want the kind of yard that the whole neighborhood is envious of? And he beauty of home landscaping is that it does not have to be hard and much of it can be done by you. All it will take a it a little elbow grease and some time to spare and you can design your own home landscaping design quickly and easily.

There are even products on the market that will help you to find the best home landscaping idea out there. You can choose to use home landscaping software for one. These programs can be a great help to you as you are trying to figure out what will suit your home and yard the best. With these types of programs you will get to see a few different layouts and options are always good when trying to narrow down your choices.

If home landscaping software programs are not for you, then you can try doing a search online for some wonderful home landscaping ideas. The internet is full of great sites that you can use to get everything done the right way. It is important to do plenty of research before you start your own home landscaping so that you keep the number of mistakes made down to a minimum.

Before you start your home landscaping you will need to also look into any gas lines and electrical lines that may be running through your yard. This is very important if you are planning to be doing a lot of digging. You cannot afford to hit any of these things, not only can it cost you a bundle to fix, it can also be very dangerous. Hitting an electrical line with a metal shovel could put an end to all of your work.

You will also need to find out about zoning restrictions that could affect your home landscaping. In some places you cannot have trees too high and even some fences are not allowed. Find out these kinds of things before you start your home landscaping work and you could save a lot of time and money.

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

How to Use a Multimeter

So, you've got a multimeter but don't know how to use it. While you can surely learn about it, know that it may not be an easy task. Learning how to use a multimeter requires patience and enough knowledge about the device.

Now, how do you really operate this device? Is it solely for professional use or can a non-pro like you handle it well? To answer these questions, you should take time to learn the basics of a multimeter first.

What is a multimeter? What are its parts? How do you use it? Read on and feed your mind with useful information.


Multimeter Defined


A multimeter is an electronic device that tests and measures multiple things. It assumes the roles of various other devices in one unit. Among the things it tests are voltage, current, and resistance.

You can likewise use a multimeter in repairing and troubleshooting tasks. It can detect problems and tell where they come from. Among a multimeter's components are capacitors, diodes, and transistors.

Generally, a multimeter is not really pricey. But if you want the best model with far better features, you will need to spend a quite big amount. Doing so can give you your money's worth should you pick the most feature-filled item.


What are the Parts of a Multimeter?


The device comes in three parts: display, ports, selection knob


Display

This is where a user sees the reading after performing some measurements. Some multimeters come with illuminated displays, which helps a lot in viewing especially in dark or low-light areas or situations.

Normally, the display has four digits. It also has the capacity to show a negative sign.


Ports

Ports are where probes get plugged into. Basically, there are two probes: the black probe and the red probe. The former connects to the ground most of the time

Basically, probes are cables used for connection. They come in the following types:

Banana to Tweezers:  handy especially when you need to test SMD components

Banana to IC Hook: effectively works on legs of ICs and smaller ICs

Banana to Alligator Chipsets: great cables that are beneficial in doing long-term tests; does not require users to hold probes in place as they manipulate a circuit

Banana to Test Probes: cheap and can easily replace broken probes


Selection knob

A selection knob is important especially during the times when a user needs to read different things. Should you need to read voltage, resistance, and milliamps, you would need to move the selection knob to be able to do the desired reading.


How do you Use a Multimeter?


Let us now discuss how a multimeter works. From there, you will gradually learn how to use the device.

First off, a multimeter comes with black and red leads. When doing some testing, you should attach the leads to the portion of the circuit you're trying to test. Afterwards, you will be able to see the results provided by a digital readout.

If you wish to test various things, you will need to move the knob to set the test and perform it. Meanwhile, some multimeters come with an auto-ranging feature. It apparently provides more convenience to users, for it saves them from the hassle of range setting.


Testing Resistance and Voltage

We will focus on these two because they are the common things that a multimeter tests.

For reading resistance:

  1.         Make sure to clip your test leads on your resistor leads.
  2.         Dial the device to a range where you think the resistor suits.
  3.         Make sure to read the given value.
  4.         For measuring voltage:
  5.         Connect the red lead to the battery's positive side.
  6.         Connect the black lead to the battery's negative side.
  7.         Set the dial to your expected voltage range.
  8.         Check the voltage by touching the red lead to one of the battery pack             outputs and the black lead to the other.
  9.         Meanwhile, you should check the voltage between +V bus and a                      ground bus when a circuit does not work. Here is how to do it:
  10.         Remove the ends of a three-inch piece of 22 gauge wire.
  11.         Clip each wire's ends to your test leads.
  12.         Put the end of the wire attached to your red lead to a contact on the              +V bus.
  13.         Put the end of the wire attached to your black lead to a contact on the            ground bus.

Please take note that getting a reading close to zero might be an effect of poorly connected wires from the battery pack. It pays to check it from time and again.


Analogue Vs. Digital


Needless to say, both analogue and digital multimeters serve as great tools for testing and measuring. But these days, digital multimeters are becoming more popular. This is apparently due to the modern times ruled by advanced technology.

Generally speaking, a digital multimeter is more accurate compared to its analogue counterpart. This is the main reason why the demand for analogue multimeters gradually declined.

However, digital multimeters are more costly than analogue multimeters. For this, the former did not fully beat the latter. Not to mention the fact that analogue multimeters can still function well despite being less accurate compared to digital ones.

But as time went by, new features came out in the market. Digital multimeters have become more advanced and capable of offering more advantages to its users.

In the midst of so many advancements, analogue multimeters continued to do what they are supposed to do. They became the perfect choice for people who only need to do some measurements. But for those who want to perform tasks outside measuring, the digital units were the better choice.

In hindsight, it is the user who will define the better option. This is amidst the fact that digital multimeters are generally better in terms of function and features.


Conclusion


By now, it may be safe to assume that you already have an idea on how to use a multimeter. Indeed, everything starts with learning some basic facts and steps. Once you start to learn about the nature of a device, you become ready for further knowledge and real-life applications.

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

How to Sharpen your Table Saw Blade

The table saw blade is perhaps the most important part of the table: probably its heart and soul. But any serious woodworker knows that taking care of the saw blade is not an easy task. It requires regular maintenance and a great deal of effort and care.

Many woodworkers assume that their table saw blades can’t be sharpened. When the blades get dull, they dispose it and replace it entirely. This is usually very costly compared to how affordable it is to just have the blade sharpened.

If you want to glide through your projects with ease, a well sharpened blade is a must. It will ensure that you have smooth and accurate cuts and there are no rough edges on the cuts. A dull blade will also require you to use more energy to go through the workpieces. To save you from having to get a new blade every time yours goes dull, here is a step by step guide on how to sharpen the blade. Follow closely;


When to Sharpen your Blade


It normally takes a lot of time for some woodworkers to realize their table saw blade requires some sharpening. However, it’s very easy to notice the signs of a dull blade as long as you’re aware of the tell-tale signs to look for on such a blade.

  • Chipped carbide on the blade,
  • Rounded corners or edges on the teeth, and
  • Increased pressure when cutting materials you’ve previously been cutting.

Once you notice any missing or misplaced teeth that are out of the plane, rush it to a professional. Here one can get the old teeth brazed off and get a new set of teeth brazed on. On the other hand, if your saw blade has any of the three remaining signs, then it’s about time to get the blade sharpened.


Cleaning the Blade


At times, when people start to notice more pressure when cutting materials using their saw blades, they usually assume that they are dull. Turns out in some cases, they are not. They are just dirty. Furthermore, the cleaning process usually makes sharpening easier, saves you more time, and less stress.

To clean the blade, it is important to first remove it from the table saw to avoid any inconvenience. Most modern table saws are equipped with release switches. These tend to reduce the hassle when it comes to removing the blade. If you still have the previous models, then you’ll spend a little more time loosening the bolts. If you have a wrench lying around, use it. It will make the process much easier.

 It doesn’t cost you a lot to clean a table saw blade; you just need some soap and a toothbrush. Here’s how to go about it:

Gently apply the soap around the blade, making sure there is adequate of it around the edges and in between the teeth. Be careful to avoid getting cut in the process. Now take the brush and scrub off any metal dirt or chipped carbides that might have remained when using it. Rub the blade in its direction and not against to prevent any injuries.

Once you’re done with the cleaning, dry off using a drier. This is to make sure that dirt won’t form around the blade in the future. Once the cleaning and drying done, one can then check for improved performance in the blade.

Install it back to the table saw and if it still requires more torque to cut wood, then you require to proceed to the next step.


Sharpening the Blade


What you need?

If you want your dull saw blade to be up and running again in the shortest time possible, then you need to arm yourself with a few equipments. The following will help you get your blade in check without wasting much time:

  • A sharpening file – preferably a diamond blade or file. For best results, place it in the form of a grinding wheel. Ensure that it is not worn out and is effective. If possible, get a new one.
  • A sharpie – To mark the starting tooth.
  • Well set up jig – Where you’ll place the dull saw blade
  • Piece of wood – When you can’t afford a jig or have no time to set up one.
  • Gloves – Remember you’re dealing with sharp metals here. So to avoid any accidents in form of cuts, please get yourself a pair.
  • Goggles or a face mask – To avoid pieces of metal shavings from jumping into your eye and causing severe injuries and blindness. Face masks ensure that they don’t get into contact with your face and probably saving you from lung problems.
  • Lubricant – To prevent your saw blade from rusting.

What do you do

It is very difficult to sharpen the saw blade when it is mounted on the table using this method. As mentioned above, use the release switch to remove the blade.

Now carefully adjust the table saw blade on the jig making sure it’s tight and well-fitted. This might take some time to get it into the perfect position. For those who don’t fancy jigs, place it on the piece of scrap wood gently. This prevents the blade from making unnecessary turns or running off when it is being sharpened. Also don’t forget to adjust the diamond blade file fittingly. All this should be done on a safe, smooth and flat surface where you can work smoothly.

Use the sharpie to inscribe a recognizable mark on the blade. Make the mark at the top of the blade’s tooth so that you can easily see it. This helps you to know when you’ve finished making a full circle around the blade. At the same time it saves you from the misery of double sharpening which is a complete waste of time and effort.

Ensure you put on your gloves, face mask, goggles and any other safety equipment. Now steadily lead your blade to the diamond file and slip it in. This should be done slowly. You don’t need to be in a hurry. Working hurriedly increases the probability of one getting injured. Now gently push the blade until it makes slight contact.

With that done, you’re about to start the work of sharpening. Here’s where you need to be very attentive and be as smooth as possible. In this stage, you should start making strong back and forth strokes across the first section of the saw.

Pull the saw blade relentlessly in a back and forth motion about five times while taking note of the progress. Continue rotating the blade the same number of times for each section and you’ll start noticing the difference. In the case of the grinding wheel, put the blade straight across and not at an angle. Take each quarter of the sections by turn and make sure you don’t skip any. Use slight pressure above the table saw blade but don’t push it to avoid any damages.    

Once you’re done with all the teeth, sections and quarters, it’s now time for the last and final step which is lubrication. You only need a small amount of oil because the sharpening is still fresh. Pour some oil all over the table saw blade including all the teeth and edges. Use a newspaper for the best results. Slowly wipe the lubricant on the blade while spreading it to all the parts. Some oil will be wiped off, but this shouldn’t worry you.

It is important to note that the chipped metals can make the floor, (either wooden or concrete), very slippery. Therefore, one should clean the shavings off when the process is done.


Attaching the blade and checking the results

You should attach the blade back to the table saw depending on the removal technique you used. Follow the step closely and mount it to the table until you’re sure it is firm. Don’t forget to check if the teeth are in the direction that they normally rotate.

Some table saw blades usually require nuts to install them on the tables. For these types, tighten the nuts slowly using your hands then tighten them further using the wedge. However, don’t use too much force and over-tighten them.

Once you’re done attaching it, it’s now time to assess the success of the entire work. Place a piece of scrap wood close to the blade and cut it squarely. This is to check whether the saw blade has attained its required sharpness.

 It will most likely cut the wood smoothly if you have followed the process keenly. But if you’re not satisfied and still notice some dullness in the blade, you can repeat the process.


Conclusion


As you have seen above, sharpening your blade is an easy process that any woodworker can easily accomplish. It’s a completely hassle-free and simple process. You don’t need an expert to do it for you neither do you need to find a replacement of your saw blade. This might just be more costly and expensive in the long run.

Keep following this procedure and with time and future re-sharpening, you’ll master the skill that will save you loads of cash and precious time in your woodwork.     

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

What Gas do Plasma Cutters Use?

Plasma cutting is one of the fastest cutting processes on aluminum, carbon steel, and stainless steel. The process uses hot electrodes to cut through electrically conductive materials. Invented back in 1955 by ESAB, this method can be used for cutting on materials of up to 6 inches thick.

To achieve the best quality, productivity, parts life, and reduced cost of operation, different gas types are used on different types of material. Each gas has its own advantages and disadvantages. Simply put, selecting the right gas depends on the metal being cut, the equipment used, and the desired performance.

Here, we have provided a brief overview of each gas and the quality of the cut based on the three conductive materials mentioned above (aluminum, carbon steel, and stainless steel.)

Plasma Gases/ Materials

Aluminum

Carbon Steel

Stainless Steel

Air

Good cut quality and speed. Very cost effective

Cost effective and provides a precise cut with adequate speed

Good cut quality. Moderate cutting speed

Oxygen (O2)

Not recommended

Excellent cut quality and speed. Little to no dross

Not recommended

Nitrogen

Excellent parts life and cut quality. Highly recommended

Great parts life, fair cut quality

Good cut quality. Great parts life

Hydrogen

Great cut quality. Excellent parts life

Excellent parts life. Good cut quality, some dross

Excellent cut quality and parts life

Argon

Excellent cut quality. Works great on thick materials

Not recommended

Excellent cut quality. Works great on thick materials

Air is one of the most adaptable forms of gas available. Introduced in the early 1960s for improved slice quality, air gas produces good cut quality while offering good speed for cutting aluminum, stainless steel, and carbon steel. Since you do not necessarily have to purchase this form of gas, the cost of operation is drastically lowered. However, shop air is a great option as it is cleaned beforehand. This cleaning process eliminates any contaminants such as moisture, oil mist, and other particulates.


    Air


Air is the widely accepted and used gas for the purpose of slicing sheets of unalloyed, low alloyed, and high alloyed stainless steel. When using air plasma, air shield gas offers the best option since it contains a mixture of approximately 80 percent nitrogen and 20 percent oxygen. The oxygen found in the air provides additional energy which increases the speed by around 25 percent over cutting with nitrogen.

A major drawback derived from using air gas is that the cut surface on stainless steel and aluminum materials might get heavily oxidized, which is unacceptable for most applications that do not require secondary operations such as grinding.


    Oxygen


This gas is best used to obtain fast cutting speeds at lower power levels. Oxygen is ideal for cutting structural low-carbon and low alloy steel. It is capable of processing a wide range of conductive material thicknesses.

When used to cut carbon steel, oxygen increases the cut speed and helps remove all molten materials to create a clean and smooth edge. To cut through thicker steel, it’s recommended to mix some nitrogen in the shielding – this can either be an Oxygen-Nitrogen mixture or Air-Nitrogen mixture.

The major disadvantage of oxygen is the decreased parts of life and the cost of purchase. Note that plasma cutting stainless plate or aluminum plate with oxygen gas is not recommended.


    Nitrogen


Nitrogen is a great option for anyone planning to cut tons of aluminum and stainless steel. This plasma gas offers excellent parts life and great quality on the cut.

Nitrogen, however, is not as effective when used on thick materials. For best results, it’s best to substitute it with Argon-Hydrogen. Nitrogen can be applied together with air or h2o as an alternative gas to become shield fuel.

This application helps cut smooth edges, particularly on stainless steel and aluminum. If you are planning to use h2o, as the alternative fuel, using it within a water platform will make the action more effective.


    Hydrogen


Hydrogen has a high concentration level of thermal conductivity which allows for higher power denseness. Hydrogen plasma gas is environmentally friendly as it reduces the emission of CO2. The gas produces high quality of cut surface and helps reduce the labour required for finishing after cutting materials. This gas contributes to high productivity thanks to its high-speed cutting which also results in a reduction of running cost.

When Hydrogen gas is used, the base metal receives lower heat input. The process reduces thermal distortion significantly thereby producing high precision cuts. In addition, the cut surface is smooth and the corners are sharp, bringing about an excellent cut quality.

One of the main advantages of using hydrogen gas is the easy separation of dross (slag). Similar to other gases, Hydrogen cutting does generate slag. However, the slag can be easily removed which results in fewer man-hours required to finish off the cut-out products.

Hydrogen plasma gas has a higher cutting speed of 10 to 30 percent when compared to other gas cutting. In addition, since the cutting time is reduced due to the exceptional heat concentration, the overall productivity is improved.


    Hydrogen


For thick aluminum and stainless greater than ½,’’ argon is a suitable choice of gas to use. Keep in mind that argon is not recommended for use with carbon steel products. Argon does not react with materials during cutting and is therefore classified as an inert gas.

It cannot be used as a single cutting gas because it has a low thermal capacity. Plasma cutting is only used on the above-mentioned materials, primarily; carbon steel, aluminum, and stainless steel. However, there are tons of other alloys and metals that are conductive including brass, Inconel, copper, cast iron, titanium, etc. The major problem with using this method of cutting is that the melting degrees of some of these materials make it hard to receive a precise cut with clean cut edges.


    Plasma Gas


Also referred to as PG, it refers to all gas mixtures which are used to generate the plasma beam and help cut through conductive materials. There are five main plasma gases namely:

∙ Air

∙ Nitrogen

∙ Hydrogen

∙ Oxygen

∙ Argon

Plasma gases can further be classified under three main phases including:

Ignition gas (ZG) – This is the gas used to light up the arc and help start the metal cutting process.

Cutting gas (SG) – Cutting gas determines the cutting speed and the cutting results. First, the energy derived from the arc helps soften and melt the metal. The melted metal is then pushed out of the cutting gas. Keep in mind that the cutting gases used differ based on the thickness and material type.

Marking gas (MG) – This is the gas used for plasma marking.


Swirl gas

Swirl gas covers the plasma beam and helps increase the cutting quality. This method increases cooling and assists cutting in several different ways. It also helps protect the product during underwater cutting and piercing.

Sealing gas (SPG)

Sealing gas is similar to swirl gas but it has reduced volume flow rate, especially when used for underwater cutting. The gas prevents any water from entering the torch head when being operated underwater.


Control gas

Also referred to KG, it controls the protection cap. Control gas ensures that the torch is properly installed at all times. This is important because an improperly installed torch might lead to zero performance.

Identification gas (IG)

 IG gas is used to locate different torch heads.


    What does Gas Swirling Do?


As mentioned above, swirling helps increase cooling and enable a user to cut their materials in several different ways. This method helps improve cut quality and provide exceptional parts life. The heat from the beam is then evenly distributed along the side of the cut.


     How do Plasma Cutters Work?


A plasma cutter uses electromagnetic gases to transfer energy from a power supply to a conductive material for a clean and fast cutting process. A plasma system is inclusive of these components:

Power supply – It converts an AC line voltage into a constant DC voltage which can range from 200 up to 400 DV. The DC voltage is then used to generate enough energy to cut through a certain material.

Arc starting console – The circuit found inside an ASC produces AC voltage of up to 5,000 VAC at approximately 2 MHz. This voltage ignites the plasma torch to create the plasma arc.

Plasma torch – There are three major components (also referred to as consumables), inside a plasma torch body. These components will require replacement overtime as they tend to get consumed during a plasma cutting process. They are:

∙ Electrodes

∙ Gas baffle (swirl baffle)

∙ Nozzle

A plasma torch might come inclusive of a shielding cap to further enhance the cutting quality. The two common methods of cutting include:


Arc cutting

This procedure works by sending an electric arc through a gas that is then passed through a small constricted opening. This small opening helps elevate the temperatures of the gas from solid to liquid to gas, and finally to plasma (also known as the 4th state of matter).

The small nozzle allows the gas to squeeze through at a high speed. The high speed gas emitted is directed around the perimeter of the cutting area to shield the cut and provide a precise cut.

Modern plasma cutters come inclusive of a pilot arc that is wedged between the cutter’s snout and the electrode. This arc is used to iodize the gas and generate the plasma before it’s transferred to the metal.


Plasma Torch

Another method that is being used in many of today’s plasma cutters is a plasma torch. This method uses a copper snout to compress the iodized gas and focus it to a small section of the conductive material being cut. It works in a similar way to how one uses a magnifying glass and the sun’s rays to create a beam of heat.

Note: Pilot arc and Plasma torch methods are not compatible with CNC (automated) cutting.


     Important Variations Involved in Plasma           Cutters


For maximum quality and production of your materials, you need to ensure that all components involved in the process maintain a healthy balance.


Gas

The cleanness of the gas is of great importance if you want to achieve excellent parts life and great cut quality. The requirements for oxygen are 99.5 percent whereas the minimum clean levels for nitrogen are at 99.995 percent.

The following could happen if the cleanness levels are lower than the above stated:

  • Extremely short parts life
  • Variation in cut quality
  • Inability to cut through materials no matter how thin they are
  • You might experience some debris in the nozzle

Aside from gas purity, the gas pressure plays a major role in plasma cutting. Each nozzle has a set current based on the maximum amount of pressure to instill. Increasing gas pressure might result in a notable decrease in the overall performance and electrode’s life whereas decreasing the pressure will undoubtedly result in a double arc failure.

Other variations to keep an eye on include:


Water

Use filtered water as some minerals can affect nozzle life and the plasma cutting process. Also, excess water pressure might cause the arc to produce poor results


Kerf

This refers to the width parallel to the torch and cut axis.


Arc voltage

This variation is dependent on the standoff, cutting speed, current (Amps), nozzle size, gas and water flow rate.


     Conclusion


Plasma cutting has enabled us to perform precise and quality cuts on many types of conductive metals. Different gases can be used to perform plasma cutting. All you need to do is determine the thickness and material type beforehand. This type of cutting up steel, aluminum, carbon steel, and other alloys is easy to master and faster than other types of cutting such as oxyfuel cutting.

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

How Thick Can A Plasma Cutter Cut?

Plasma cutting is a process which is used to cut through material that is electrically conductive by using an accelerated jet of heated plasma. The materials which can be cut by using a plasma torch include stainless steel, steel, aluminium, brass and copper besides other conductive metals. Plasma cutting is often adopted by automotive repair shops, fabrication shops, industrial construction, salvage and scrapping operations, and restoration units because of the high-speed and precision cuts plasma cutting can offer combined with the low costs which are involved.

If you are one among the many who are looking forward to having a plasma cutter for the use you may want to understand the thickness plasma cutters can penetrate before you decide to purchase any brand which is being offered.If you are considering investing in a CNC plasma cutting system you are advised to conduct proper research to understand not just the price but also the kind of differences in the ability of the cutting system. You must pay particular attention to the "cut thickness ability" because it will give you an indication of whether the system you are investing money in is actually suitable for your needs or not. It is essential for you to understand that the thickness of the material which needs to be cut will be determined by the cutting process. The plasma torch that you choose to pair with your system will determine the thickness of the material which can be cut.

The description provided above should give you a clear indication that you need to invest in a system which will be appropriate for your requirements by looking into the minute details of the plasma cutter you have chosen before making an investment. You also need to have adequate information about the kind of cutting you are likely to be involved in before you conclude the kind of material thickness your plasma cutter is capable of handling. It is also essential for you to understand that you need to weigh several factors before determining a cost-effective piercing strategy because the speed and precision of plasma have made it a preferred choice among many even when they are looking forward to cutting extremely thick plates.


What a Plasma Cutters do for You?


Information has been provided earlier that plasma cutting is useful against electrically conductive materials of all types including structured and high alloy steels, nonferrous elements like aluminium and copper and even clad metal plates. The plasma cutting technology you have in your possession, the capacity of the cutting system and the type of material to be cut, sheet metal from between 0.5 MM and 180 MM can be pierced.

Plasma cutting has no competition when matters related to cutting medium or thick sheets of high alloy steel and aluminum is concerned. It can be used for cutting regular structural steel which is about 40 MM in thickness without any distortion especially in cases of fragile workpieces. It is also suitable for cutting high-strength fine-grained structural steel because the high-speed of cutting is particularly important in fabricating processes of the preliminary variety.

It must be noted that the figures mentioned are not universal for every plasma cutting system and manufacturers of these devices have incorporated cutting capacities of various types of different material which may be used. It is for this reason that you need to determine beforehand the kind of usage you expect to have before going ahead and investing money in a system.

Some plasma cutting systems allow a maximum pierce of 1.000" for mild steel and 0.750" for stainless steel. The maximum pierces for aluminium is 0.750". Similarly, some manufacturers are allowing higher capacities for the metals mentioned and therefore it cannot be assumed that a single system will be suitable for the requirements of everyone.


What are the Techniques of Plasma Cutting?


The procedures of plasma cutting are regularly being improved and the primary objective of these improvements is to bring about a reduction in environmental pollution while increasing the efficiency of the system and improving the character of the cut edge. The objective of the manufacturers is to develop a couple of plane parallel surfaces which are evenly cut and require the minimum or no finishing before they are dispatched for further processing.

The type of material that needs to be cut, the thickness of the material along with the output of the power source our determinants of a number of plasma cutting variations which are available on the market. The variations which are available are mainly different because of the plasma burner design, the system for material feed and the material used for the electrodes. The types of plasma burners mentioned below will give you an overview of the various options which are possible in the designing of a plasma burner. These plasma burners are based on the type of compression they are designed for but are equally effective and can deliver the desired capacity if proper choices are made during the purchase of the system.

The plasma burners we are referring to include the following:

  • Conventional plasma cutting which is also known as standard plasma cutting.
  • Plasma cutting through a secondary medium.
  • Plasma cutting with a secondary gas.
  • Plasma cutting with secondary water.
  • Water injection plasma cutting.
  • Plasma cutting with enhanced compression.

People that are looking forward to investing in a plasma cutting system must understand that it is their equipment which will determine the kind of cutting capacity the plasma cutter needs to have. The process of plasma cutting involves the creation of an electrical channel of extremely heated plasma from the cutter itself to be used on the piece of work that needs to be cut. The task is accomplished by focusing compressed gas which is blown at high-speed at the work piece. There are various factors and types of systems which will determine the thickness which can be handled by the plasma cutter.

Regardless of whether thin or thick materials need to be cut plasma cutting is an effective method which can be used by people to accomplish the tasks they have in hand. Handheld plasma cutters have a capacity of cutting steel plates which are 38 MM thick while some of the better torches which are computer-controlled have the ability to cut steel which is 6 inches thick.

Plasma cutting systems have varied capacities and therefore it is essential for the individual to conduct proper research into the kind of usage they have before they decide on the kind of thickness a plasma cutter can penetrate and invest money in a system. Prices should not be a concern for people because unlike in the past when plasma cutters were expensive not only have prices dropped but the systems have also become lighter without compromising on the kind of capacities plasma cutters are known for.

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

What is a Plasma Cutter Used For?

We have always been taught that matter has three states – solid, liquid and gas. Matter changes from one state to another when heat is applied. On removal of that heat, it changes back to a less volatile state. This transition or state change of matter, happens when enough heat is applied to move the molecules, thereby changing the state of matter. 


What is Plasma?


Matter has another state too; a state known as plasma. We do not usually hear about this state, because it is not experienced in everyday life. While we see solids, liquids and gases almost on a daily basis, we would not encounter plasma except in very specific, controlled conditions.

Plasma is a state obtained by matter only when an arc of electricity is sent through a specific gas. The heat caused by the electric arc causes the already quickly moving gas-molecules to disrupt further and become ionized.

These ions are electrically conductive and can be extremely dangerous because of high energy present.

When the gas is injected through a constricted opening, the high energy plasma can be used to cut metal. The types of metal that may be cut include steel, aluminium, brass and copper.

These metals can be cut using many different cutting devices, but plasma cutting is quicker, cost-effective and produces better results in less time, compared to almost all other methods.


What is the Difference between Plasma and Gas?


Plasma is another state of gas, only highly heated up and conductive. Plasma occurs when an electric arc creates a highly charged state. This state is used to cut through metals easily.

Plasma has equal number of negative as well as positive ions. It is made to flow through a thin nozzle of a torch, which helps maintain the direction and flow of the plasma.

Though there are many metals in nature that need cutting, shaping and filing, plasma cutting is not recommended for a lot of them due to various reasons.

Clearly, the gas, in the absence of the electric arc will not cut anything.


Why are Plasma Cutters not recommended for all Metals?


One of the biggest reasons is – melting temperature of the metals. If temperature at which the metal melts is relatively low, the cut edge would not be as clean and fine, as may be required.

Plasma cutting is only recommended for the metals that can withstand high temperatures, and do not melt easily. Another big reason is the ‘conduction properties of metals’. Only the metals that are highly conductive can be cut using a plasma cutter. Non-conductive metals are difficult to cut through.


How does a Plasma Cutter Work?


A plasma cutter works in a way that the arc carries stream of gas from an electrode through an opening.

It is also across the conductive metal that is being cut.

In addition, a regular stream of pure oxygen is also passed while passing plasma, so that the edges can be sharply cut and defined. Oxygen also quickens the overall process of cutting.


What is the Purpose of a Plasma Cutter?


A plasma cutter is usually utilized in heavy-metal industries, where workers cut through thick blocks of metal with ease using the cutter. It is also called plasma torch sometimes, because of the nature of the substance passed through it.

The plasma cutter is easy to operate using your hand. It forms a complete electrical circuit while cutting the work-piece, thereby allowing the artist to form desired patterns and shapes on the metal with ease.


History of the Plasma Cutters


Plasma cutting evolved from plasma welding, that had many advantages over traditional method of metal against metal cutting.

Earlier, hand-held tools and equipment like saws were used to cut metal. It was not only a dangerous process for the workers, but also time-consuming.

Saw cutting was inefficient and wasted a lot of metal as scraps, which again had to be melted to form sheets or, other objects.

All in all, saw-cutting or traditional metal-cutting methods were quickly replaced by plasma welding, and then plasma cutting, because of the quickness and cleanliness of the final piece it produced.


What Types of Plasma Cutter Procedures are there?


There are two popular types of plasma cutting procedures – conventional and precision.

     Conventional

  • In conventional plasma cutting process, the arc of the plasma is usually defined by the opening of the nozzle, and shop-air gas is used in the plasma torch.
  • The ampage of this type of cutting is approximately 10 to 12 amps per square inch.

     Precision

  • In precision cutting, the torch design is more complex compared to conventional cutting.
  • Here, the design is made in such a manner that highest quality cuts with sharp edges and clean form, can be achieved through plasma.
  • Gases such as nitrogen, oxygen, or a combination of both are usually utilized in this procedure to produce highest quality results in minimal time.

What are the Benefits of a Plasma Cutter?


Apart from saving time, a high-end cutting mechanism, plasma cutting is also used in automated process of cutting metals.

It is not only easy for the workers to cut through metal using the hand-torch, but it can also be coupled with digital software to produce intricate designs and cuts, that are otherwise tough to make through manual labour.

Plasma cutting reduces a lot of effort, time and wastage of metal by this state of the art technique.


How Does a Plasma Cutter Work?


Plasma cutter works by sending an electric arc via a gas that is passing through a narrow and constricted opening.

The gas can be any – ranging from nitrogen, oxygen, argon, shop-air etc. The arc sharply raises the temperature of the gas to a point where it gets converted to the fourth state of matter, known as plasma.

The opening is deliberately kept narrow and restricted, to keep the speed of passing gas high and to make it easy to cut through metal.

The gas is also focused around the border of the cutting area to shield the cut.

Automated plasma cutting is a popular technique adopted in many industries where metal objects are manufactured.

Clean automated cutting can only be achieved by a plasma cutter that not only prevents wastage of scrap metal, but also helps create designs which are otherwise tough and time-consuming to create on a metal surface.

Hence, plasma cutting is a great method of accurately cutting metal sheets of many thicknesses and is more robust than almost any other metal cutting process.

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

Best Dust Collector 2019 Review and Comparisons

If you are in the market for a dust collector, you may be forgiven for thinking that they are all the same. Many dust collectors do have similarities, but at the same time, they can be slightly different. This can make choosing the right dust collector so much harder than it really should be. The goods news is we can help you: We have put together a list of 5 of what we think are the best dust collectors on the market, making your search so much easier. Take a look below for more information.


So, What are the products on offer?


At Number One...

WEN 3410

The WEN 3410 3-Speed Remote Controlled Air Filtration System comes with a 1/6 HP motor, a 26-foot remote control range, and a timer that could prove to be quite handy. With a modern black and orange finish, and 50 – 50 dB of noise, the WEN should not be too loud for you.

Manufacture:

WEN

Modal:

3410

Weight:

31 Pounds

Power:

1/6 HP Motor

Sold for approximately $130, and weighing 31 pounds, the 3410 measures 17 x 20.5 x 10 inches and comes with 5 micron our filters, mounting hooks and a handle, and three speeds for ease of use. With a reputation for being easy to mount, this unit could be exactly what you need.


At Number Two...

Jet DC-1100VX-CK

The Jet DC-1100VX-CK Dust Collector comes complete with a vortex cone that works to separate any chips, and a collector bag. Sold for approximately $853, and with industrial controls, the Jet is ideal for professional workshops and businesses. With collection bags that are easy to connect and a single stage design which ensures that the DC-110VX is quiet, this could be the dust collector for you.

Manufacture:

Jet

Modal:

DC-1100VX-CK

Weight:

109 Pounds

Power:

115/230 Volts

Measuring 37 x 22.5 x 39 inches, and weighing 109 pounds, this dust collector is a lot bigger and heavier than the previous model. Manufactured to collect 86% of 1 micron particles, and 98% of 2 micron particles, this is a dust collector that has been made to perform well. With a reputation for being very effective and easy to assemble, the Jet may be the product you have been looking for.


At Number Three...

Advanced Pure Air Newport 9000

The Advanced Pure Air Newport 9000 Air Purifier is sold for approximately $210 and comes with an air filtration system that works to filter out any unhygienic particles. With remote controls and a completely automatic system, this air purifier may not have been made to pick up workshop-related dust particles, but it may be ideal for the home, or for those times you want to work in your garage and keep the air clean.

Manufacture:

Advanced Pure Air

Modal:

AP-9000

Weight:

3.3 Pounds

Power:

N/A

Measuring 28 x 16 x 12.4 inches, and weighing just 20 pounds, the Advanced Pure is quite light. With the ability to help rid the home or small workplace of pet dander and odor, tobacco smoke, toxic gases, and more, this Newport 9000 has a reputation for being a reliable product that is very quiet


At Number Four...

SHOP FOX W1685

The SHOP FOX W1685 1.5 Horsepower 1,280 CFM Dust Collector Comes with a 5.4 cubic feet dust bag, an air suction capacity of approximately 1,280 CFM, and powder coated paint for a better finish. Sold for approximately $400, and with a single-phase motor that works at 3,450 RPM, this could be the dust collector you need.

Manufacture:

SHOP FOX

Modal:

W1685

Weight:

108 Pounds

Power:

3,450 RPM

With a 6-inch inlet and a steel impeller for better performance, the SHOP FOX measures 22.2 x 37 x 22.5 inches and weighs 108 pounds. Complete with a safety switch that means unauthorized use is less common, this could be the dust collector your workshop needs. With a reputation for working powerfully from the moment it’s switched on, the W1685 is well worth considering.


At Number Five...

Shop Fox W1826

The Shop Fox W1826 Wall Dust Collector has a thoroughly modern finish and is sold for approximately $227. With a 1 HP motor, and a window so users can see how full the dust bag is, this could be the ideal dust collector for you. The 2.5 micron bag comes with an impressive 2 cubic foot capacity, and the system itself measures 19.5 x 18 x 44 inches.

Manufacture:

Shop Fox

Modal:

W1826

Weight:

50.2 Pounds

Power:

240 Volts

Complete with a safety paddle switch, and weighing 50.2 pounds, this is not the heaviest dust collector we have seen, but it isn’t the lightest one either. With a reputation for being a reasonably good dust collector, this could be the ideal model for your workshop or garage.


Buying Guide…


Power

While many different collectors tend to offer different levels of power, it isn’t vital that you buy a dust collector that comes with a lot of power. This is because the more power a collector has, the harder it is likely to work. If you decide to opt for a collector that has a lot of power, it could be too powerful for a smaller work area. For small work areas, you should ideally opt for a dust collector that has less power than industrial ones. One of the most important aspects of a dust collector is what it can offer you in terms of price, weight, and performance. This is because if you can find a dust collector that is of a reasonably low price, isn’t too heavy to lift, and is known for performing well, you may have a very reliable dust collector on your hands.


Model

The model you that end up buying is likely to depend on a number of factors: How much you want to pay for your new dust collector, how often you’ll use it, and the size of the space that you work in

- Price

The amount of money you’ll pay could reflect the quality of your dust collector. If you choose to buy a cheap model, you should be aware that you’re not going to get a collector that is able to suck up all those particles.

However, some cheaper collectors will work reasonably well, but they may not get rid of enough particles, which could mean pet dander, dust from the work area, and some fumes may still be a slight problem

The more money you pay for your new dust collector the better it is likely to be. This is because it will be made out of stronger, tougher materials, and have the capacity to suck up all those bits of dust with relative ease.

If you decide to purchase a collector that has a mid-range price you could end up with one that is almost as good as some of the more expensive models but this is not always the case. Please make sure you do your research, and take a look at some customer reviews and comments so you know what the product’s reputation is like and if it is worth spending your money on it.

- How often you will use it

If you’re not going to use your dust collector every day you may not need to spend very much on it. This is because it is unlikely that you will need an industrial strength or size model.

However, if you plan to use it every day, you may want to spend a bit more money on it. A higher price often indicates a better purification or dust collection system, which could be perfect if you work with wood or other slightly messy materials.


Weight

Not a lot of people consider the weight of a dust collector before they buy one.  However, if you don’t consider the weight, you may buy a dust collector that is too heavy for your walls. Some dust collectors need to be placed up on a wall and out of reach of machinery and other equipment.

If you do decide to buy a heavy dust collector you think it may be more robust than some of the lighter ones, and while this may be the case, you might not be able to install it in place without hiring someone to do it. Please make sure that you know how heavy the dust collector is going to be. Not only could you end up putting it on a wall that turns out not to be strong enough to hold it in place, you don’t want the additional expense of hiring someone to put it in place, or build a stronger wall!


Questions We Are Frequently Asked…

How do dust collectors work?

A dust collector works by removing particles, dust, pet dander and more from the air, and from the environment too. They work on what is known as a ‘Capture, convey, and collect’ system.

Capture – The dust and the other particles need to be captured, and this is done by using capture hoods that suck the particles in from their source of origin, or in the air in the work space. Some pieces of machinery that kick up a lot of dust often have a port that allows you to attach a dust collection system to it, but not all dust collectors allow you to do this.

Conveyed – The ducting system can maintain an air velocity that keeps the dust close by so that the system can reach it. If the duct is not the right size or it’s not powerful enough to work in the environment, the system could become clogged.

Collected – Lastly, the dust and particles are collected, and they can pass through a filter, an impingement baffle, or a cyclonic separator,  but there are other dust collectors that use bag-houses, or precipitators. 

This is usually how dust collectors work, but they can differ between brands and models. If you would like a dust collector that works in a specific way, please do your research and find out how they work so you’re not disappointed when you start to set it up.


How much dust can they collect?

This ultimately depends on the brand that you buy, as many brands can differ in the amount of dust, particles, and dander etc. that they pick up. Please check each model before you buy them, so you understand how much they can pick up, and how well they may work for you. Some dust collectors will work more than others, so it’s incredibly important that you know how powerful they are.

Please note that some dust collectors are ideal for busy workshops, whereas others are ideal for use for a few hours at a time.

Once you have determined how powerful a dust collector is, you will need to make sure that it is powerful enough for you. We recommend that you should buy a dust collector that is able to collect a little more dust etc. than you currently need it to. This is because your needs may change over time, or you may find you have a large project to undertake that kicks up a lot of dust. Having said that, you should avoid buying a model that is just too powerful, as chances are it will use up a lot more power.


In Conclusion…

If you’re in need of a dust collector so you can keep your work area clean, you’re probably aware it’s not easy finding the right one for you. However, there are only a few dust collectors out there that may be exactly what you need. We hope we have made your search a little easier, so you are closer to working in an area where dust and particles are not a concern.

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

Best Disc Sander 2019 Reviews and Comparisons

When you need to use a disc sander so you can undertake many different jobs wide you’ll need to make sure you purchase one that will work well enough, so you can all of your jobs properly and with very little effort. This is where we can help: We have selected 5 of what we think are the best disc sanders on the market. This will make your search for a new disc sander a lot easier because you won’t have to sort through the less than perfect sanders to find one that works for you. But remember that sanding creates a lot of mess so if you are interested in buying a sander like this, have a look at dust collectors. Back to disc sanders look below for more information:

So, What are the products on offer?


At Number One...

Shop Fox W1828

The Shop Fox W1828 12-inch Disc Sander comes with a 1HP motor, a safety switch, and powder coated paint for better protection. Sold for approximately $269, and complete with a deluxe miter gauge that allows users to sand at their desired angle, the Shop Fox also has a ball-bearing construction.

Manufacture:

Shop Fox

Modal:

W1828

Weight:

61 Pounds

Power:

1HP Motor

Measuring 17 x 15.8 x 14.5 inches, and weighing 61 pounds this disc sander has a table that can be adjusted up to 45-degrees, so you can sand exactly what you want, in exactly the right place. Made to last, and with a removable lock-out key, the Shop Fox W1828 has a reputation for being a good sander with a heavy duty motor.


At Number Two...

Delta Power Equipment Corp 31-140

The Delta Power Equipment Corp 31-140 Disc Sander is sold for approximately $234 and comes with a cast iron base that has pre-drilled holes that allow users to mount it on a bench very easily. The ½ HP motor is considered to be quite powerful, and the dust collection fan moves dust away which creates a cleaner work area.

Complete with a hose cleaner that is attached to the collection fan, and with a 3/6 x ¾ inch miter gauge the Delta Power sander is ideal for a wide range of jobs.

Manufacture:

Delta Power Equipment Corp

Modal:

31-140

Weight:

79.2 Pounds

Power:

½ HP

Weighing 79.2 pounds, and measuring 17 x 15 x 17 inches, this disc sander is a lot heavier than the previous model, and slightly bigger too, which could make it even more ideal for frequent use in a workshop or garage. With a reputation for being an excellent disc sander that is well-built, this could be the sander that you need.


At Number Three...

DEWALT DWE6401DS

The DEWALT DWE6401DS 5-Inch Disc Sander comes with a 6-amp motor and a VSR trigger dial for ease of use in a wide range of applications. The handle comes with a soft grip making the DEWALT a lot more comfortable to use than some disc sanders. Ideal for use with 5-inch and 8-inch hook and loop sand paper, the DWE6401DS is sold for approximately $79, making it the cheapest disc sander we have seen so far.

Manufacture:

DEWALT

Modal:

DWE6401DS

Weight:

4.65 Pounds

Power:

6-AMP

Weighing just 4.65 pounds, and measuring 9.2 x 9.2 x 4.6 inches, this particular disc sander comes with a dust shroud that can help to keep the users working area clean.  With the ability to let users change sandpaper quickly, and made to make the sanding process so much quicker, the DEWALT has a reputation for being a cheap but effective sander that’s ideal for a lot of different uses.


At Number Four...

Makita GV5010

The Makita GV5010 GV5010 5-Inch Disc Sander comes with the standard blue and black Makita finish, and a 4.2-amp motor that also comes with 4,500 RPM, making it ideal for a lot of applications. Double insulated to keep those bits of dust out, and with a ball-bearing construction that gives it a longer life, the Makita has a soft-grip ergonomic handle that makes it so much easier and more comfortable to use.

Manufacture:

Makita

Modal:

GV5010

Weight:

2.4 Pounds

Power:

4.2-AMP

Sold for approximately $95, and weighing just 2.4 pounds, the GV5010 is the lightest model we have seen so far, making it very easy to use for long periods of time. Measuring 10 x 8 x 4 inches this disc sander is also the smallest one we have come across, meaning it’s ideal for use in tighter work spaces. With a reputation for being a flawless disc sander that is great value for money, this could be the product you need.


At Number Five...

WEN 6502

The WEN 6502 6-Inch Disc Sander with Cast Iron Base has a rugged finish and is sold for approximately $88 dollars. Complete with a 6 x 6 inch disc and a 4 x 36 inch belt, the WEN means business. Made with a cast iron base to help prevent those annoying vibrations, the 6502 has a dust port, a 4.3-amp motor, and a tension release lever that makes changing the sandpaper so much easier.

Manufacture:

WEN

Modal:

6502

Weight:

39.1 Pounds

Power:

4.3-AMP

Measuring 22 x 11 x 12.5 inches, and weighing 39.1 pounds, this isn’t the biggest disc sander around, but it isn’t the smallest either. Ideal for getting rid of splinters and jagged edges, the 6502 has an 80-grit sanding belt, a 2.25 inch dust port, and a reputation for being a good quality sander that’s ideal for occasional use.


Buying Guide…


Power

While many different sanders offer many different levels of power, it isn’t vital that you buy a disc sander that comes with as much power as possible. This is generally because the more power a sander has, the heavier it will be. If you do buy a disc sander that has plenty of power, you may find that it is a little too powerful. This may be especially so when you need those smaller, more intricate jobs done. The most important feature of a new disc sander is what it does for you terms of weight and accessories. Concentrating on these factors alone could ensure you end up with a better sander that you can use for years.


Model

The disc sander you could end up buying will depend on a number of factors:

  • How much you want to pay for your new disc sander
  • How often you’ll use your new disc sander
  • The size of the tasks you’ll be undertaking

- Price

The amount of money you may end up paying could reflect the quality of the disc sander. If you decide to buy a relatively cheap sander, you’re not guaranteed to get a good finish each time. However, some if the cheapest disc sanders on the market will let you get a few jobs done without much difficulty, which isn’t a bad thing at all.

The more you pay for your new sander the better your it may be, simply because it’s likely to be made out of better materials. If you purchase a disc sander that has a middle-of-the-range price you may end up with on that’s possibly just as good as some of the expensive models, but this isn’t guaranteed. Ideally, you should do your research and take a look at any customer reviews and comments you come across as they are usually good indications as to how the disc sander in question performs.          

- How often you will use your new disc sander?

If you don’t think you will use your disc sander very frequently, you won’t need to spend much money on it. However, if you do plan to use it 2-3 times a week, you may want to spend a bit more. Spending a little more money could mean you have a disc sander that is strong and sturdy and works well.


Weight

Not a lot of people consider the weight of a disc sander to be an important issue before they buy one. However, if you don’t think about the weight you may put yourself at risk of buying a disc sander that is too heavy, and therefore hard to use for a long period of time.

You may purposefully buy a heavy disc sander because it could be slightly more robust than some of the lighter models. While this may be the case with some new sanders, you may find you cannot use it for more than a few minutes at a time.

Although you won’t need to put all your weight on your sander when working with it, the heavier it is the harder it will be to use. Heavier sanders are typically made for frequent use, and they do need to be more robust. However, if you don’t need a heavy sander, choose a lighter model that is ideal for occasional use.


Questions We Are Frequently Asked…


How often do you need to change the sandpaper?

It’s hard to say for sure how often the sandpaper will need to be changed, but if you use it every day you will need to change it fairly often. If you’re only going to be using it once in a while, you won’t need to change it very frequently.

The frequency of change can also depend on the jobs you do. Some jobs require a lot more sandpaper, and others might not need much sandpaper at all.

If you need to change your sandpaper quite often, consider using less pressure when you’re sanding, and see how you go. You could be applying too much pressure, and wearing the sandpaper down. You may also be damaging the surface you’re working on. Change the amount of pressure you use first, and then see if you still need to change the sandpaper.

You may also want to think about the coarseness of your sandpaper. Some sandpaper is really coarse, whereas other pieces are not coarse at all. If the sandpaper you’re using has very fine grit you may need to change it frequently, especially if the grit is not coarse enough. When you use a disc sander for the first time you may not be sure what type of sandpaper you should use, but do not worry, after a while you will understand exactly what to use.


Where to get extra sandpaper?

Your new sander is likely to be delivered with some spare sandpaper in the box. Some disc sanders even come with more than one spare sheet, but this depends on the brand.

If you would always like to have enough sandpaper in stock you may want to think about purchasing some from the manufacturer, but buying doing so could be expensive. Instead, think about buying some sandpaper from a local store. Not only will it be cheaper, it will support your local community too.

Sandpaper is available to buy online and in well-known hardware stores. Please make sure you always buy the sandpaper that is ideal for use with a disc sander.

It doesn’t really matter what brand of sandpaper you purchase, and it doesn’t matter where you purchase it from, if the sandpaper is completely compatible for use with your new disc sander it should be absolutely ok to use.


In Conclusion…

If you are in need of a new disc sander you’re probably aware that it can be hard to choose the right one. Every single model on the market seems to claim that they are the best out there. However, there are only a few discs sanders on the market that can give you exactly what you need. We hope that we have made your search for a new disc sander a lot easier, so you are closer to getting your jobs done to a standard you are pleased with.

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

Best Orbital Sander 2019 Reviews and Comparisons

When you need an orbital sander, so you can undertake a wide variety of jobs you need one that will allow you to get your jobs done properly. This is where we can help: We have selected 5 of the best orbital sanders on the market, and doing this will make your search easier as you won’t have to sort through the less-than-perfect orbital sanders to find one that works for you. But remember that sanding creates a lot of mess so if you are interested in buying a sander like this, have a look at dust collectors. Back to orbital sanders look below for more information:

So, What are the products on offer?


At Number One...

DEWALT DWE6423K

The DEWALT DWE6423K Variable Speed Random Orbit Sander comes with the classic DEWALT black and yellow finish, and a dust-sealed switch which gives it a lot more protection. With a 3.0-amp motor that allows the pad to spin between 8,000 and 12,000 OPM, this orbit sander may be exactly what you need.

Manufacture:

DEWALT

Modal:

DWE6423K

Weight:

4 Pounds

Power:

3.0-AMP

Sold for approximately $79, and with the ability to reduce vibration thanks to the 3 counterweight design, the DWE6423K will be a little easier to use than some. Measuring 7.25 x 10.38 x 6.2 inches, and weighing 4 pounds, this orbit sander has a dust collection system and is ideal for use when you want to sand metal, wood, and plastics. With a reputation for being a great sander that works well, this could be the sander for you.


At Number Two...

Bosch ROS20VSC

The Bosch ROS20VSC Random Orbit Sander has a tough-looking finish, and a variable speed dial that allows users to adjust the speed as they wish. The microfilter system helps to trap fine particles, thereby helping to keep the work area clean and tidy. Sold for approximately $59, and with a twist-off canister, users can see the dust level, and remove the canister easily whenever they need to.

Manufacture:

Bosch

Modal:

ROS20VSC

Weight:

3.5 Pounds

Power:

12,000 OPM

Measuring 9 x 5 x 6 inches, and weighing just 3.5 pounds, this is the lightest orbital sander we have seen so far. Made to get rid of those swirl-marks that you associate with sanding, the Bosch has a soft grip top and body, meaning users can hold the sander exactly where they want to. With an 8 foot cord, and complete with a contractor bag, the ROS20VSC could be exactly what you need. This particular sander has a reputation for being ideal for wood working and good at collecting dust, making it a very good buy.


At Number One...

Makita BO5041K

The Makita BO5041K 5-Inch Random Orbit Sander Kit is sold for approximately $95, making it the most expensive orbital sander we have seen so far. However, it does come with a 3.0-amp motor, a variable speed control dial, and adjustable front handles that allow the user to sand in small areas and in corners too. With a 1/8 inch random orbit action that allows smooth sanding, and with a pad control system that lets the user control the speed from the moment they switch the sander on, the Makita seems to be outshining the rest.

Manufacture:

Makita

Modal:

BO5041K

Weight:

3.09 Pounds

Power:

3.0-AMP

Weighing 3.09 pounds, and measuring 7.5 x 16.3 x 10.3 inches, the BO5041K is lighter than the previous models which is impressive because it’s certainly not smaller. With a 2-finger trigger switch for safety and a reputation for being an excellent sander, the Makita may be well worth considering.


At Number One...

DEWALT DWE6421K

The DEWALT DWE6421K Random Orbit Sander Kit comes with the traditional DEWALT black and yellow finish, along with a bag for storage. The 3.0-amp motor keeps the pad spinning at 12,000 OPM, and the dust collection system has been improved so work areas are cleaner than ever before. The one-hand locking system is very convenient, and the separate counterweight helps to reduce vibration allowing users to carry on working with ease.

Manufacture:

DEWALT

Modal:

DWE6421K

Weight:

4 Pounds

Power:

3.0-AMP

Measuring 10.4 x 7.2 x 6.2 inches, and weighing 4 pounds, this is the same size as the DEWALT we saw earlier. Ideal for use when sanding wood, metal, and plastic, the DWE6421K has an interfacing system that’s ideal for use with DEWALT’s vacuum locking system. Sold for approximately $59, and with a reputation for being a very good sander that picks up speed quickly, this could be the orbital sander you need.


At Number One...

Black & Decker BDERO100

The Black & Decker BDERO100 Random Orbit Sander comes complete with the orange and black finish that everyone knows, and a hook and loop system that makes changing the sandpaper a lot easier. Sold for approximately $25, this is the cheapest orbital sander we have seen so far.

Manufacture:

Black & Decker

Modal:

BDERO100

Weight:

3.16 Pounds

Power:

2 AMP

Measuring 7 x 5 x 6 inches, the Black & Decker is not the largest sander we have come across, and its size could make it ideal for use in smaller areas. Weighing 3.16 pounds, this model is also one of the lightest we have seen, which means it’s ideal for use for longer periods of time. Complete with a soft backing pad, sanding disc and a contractor bag the BDERO100 has a reputation for being a very good sander that’s easy to use.


Buying Guide…


Power

While many different orbital sanders tend to offer different levels of power, it isn’t absolutely vital that you purchase an orbital sander that has a lot of power. This is because the more power an orbital sander has, the heavier it will be. If you do decide to buy a sander that comes with a lot of power, it may be too powerful to get some smaller and more intricate jobs done. The most important aspect of an orbital sander is what it can do for you in terms of options, settings, price, weight, and accessories. Therefore, it would make a lot more sense to think about these factors than the weight itself.


Model

The orbital you end up buying will depend on a few factors: How much money you want to pay for it, how often you’ll use your nice new sander, and the size of the jobs you’ will be undertaking.

- Price

The amount of money you’ll pay for you nice new sander is likely to reflect its quality. Although this is not always evident, it does make a lot of sense. If you choose to buy a cheap orbital sander instead of a more expensive one you’re not going to come away with a really good finish. However, some of the cheaper orbital sanders will let you undertake a few jobs without very much trouble at all.

When it comes down to it, the more money you pay for your sander the better it may be simply because it will be built from better materials.

When it comes to middle-of-the-range sanders, they can be almost as good as some of the more expensive models but this isn’t always the case. Make sure you undertake a spot of research and read some customer reviews and comments. These are likely to give you a good indication as to how good the orbital sander really is. This is because consumers don’t tend to lie about how good or bad the product they have purchased is. This means you can make a more informed decision about your new orbital sander, and that’s never a bad thing.

- How often you will use it

If you’re not going to use your orbital sander very often (Such as every week) you won’t need to spend much on it. However, if you do plan to use it fairly frequently (Such as 2-3 times a week), you may want to spend a bit more money. Spending a little more money means you could end up with a sander that is strong, works well, and has a few different features.


Weight

Not everyone is aware that the weight of a sander is an important factor.  However, if you don’t think about the weight of the sander you may end up buying one that is too heavy. If you buy a sander that is too heavy, you may not be able to use it as much as you want to. This is because you might not be able to use it for more than a few minutes at a time. This ultimately means the jobs you want to get done before the weekend may not get finished at all.

Please note that while you’re using your new sander you don’t have to put all your weight on it. You won’t have to lift it up very often, either, but the heavier it is the harder your new sander will be to use.  If you want to buy a very heavy and robust orbital sander, you should be prepared to use it more than once a week. This is because a sander such as this would have been manufactured for frequent use. However, if you don’t want to buy a heavy sander and you want a lighter model instead, please note that it may cope with occasional use.


Questions We Are Frequently Asked…

Corded or Cordless?

Corded sanders can be absolutely ideal if you want to have a powered corded sander, rather than having to find and then charge a battery. However, you should always make sure that there are enough power outlets nearby as your new sander simply won’t work without one.

Some corded orbital sanders come with a very long cord, which means users should be able to reach the wood, metal or plastic that needs sanding. If you don’t think an 8-foot cord will be long enough, you may want to think about using a cordless sander instead.

Cordless sanders can be a bit of a winner if you constantly find yourself working in different places. As long as you have charged the battery and you have a spare one to hand, you should be able to use your new cordless sander without much trouble.


Why get an Orbital Sander?

An orbital sander typically has a random orbit sander has a round pad, and this pad moves that sander in random orbits. What this means is that it vibrates in very small circles, quite like an orbital finishing sander. This means that an orbital sander has the ability to undertake a lot of jobs on different materials such as wood, metal, and plastics. This means you can get a lot more jobs done around the home, in the garage, and in the workshop.

Many orbit sanders come with a grip that’s very easy to hold and use. This can make sanding less of a chore, especially if you’re going to be using it for hours on end.

More modern orbit sanders no longer leave a pattern of sanded circles behind them. Older models and some other pieces of equipment can tend to do this, which isn’t ideal. If you would like a smooth finish, without having to sand for hours at a time, an orbital sander can be absolutely ideal. Some even come complete with a contractors bag, which makes storage so much better, and it means they’re often easier to transport from place to place too. 

The only fault of an orbit sander is that the round nature of it prevents the ability of getting into tight corners and edging. If you were looking for something like that, you should have a look at detail sanders or oscillating multitools.


In Conclusion…

If you are in the market for a new orbital sander, we hope that your new model can be found in the list above. Please take a look at the above sanders once more so you know which ones you would like to opt for. A good orbital sander should allow you to get a lot of jobs done with ease, so make sure you buy one as soon as you can, so you can get every single one of those jobs done in no time at all.

If you have any other questions or worries please contact us, or if you have any comments or improvements please leave a comment at the bottom of the page.

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